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Is it true that women in their 40s must take cholesterol medication?

 



Is it true that women in their 40s must take cholesterol medication?

 


For a long time, high cholesterol has been accused of being the mastermind of the emergence of various dangerous diseases, such as heart disease and stroke. In fact, as we get older, the risk of high cholesterol is increasing. Well, there is a mention that to prevent rising cholesterol levels, women in their 40s are advised to take cholesterol medication. Is it true?

There are many efforts made to prevent high cholesterol. If the cholesterol level is already high, you must control it immediately so as not to cause various complications that can endanger the life.

Recommendation for cholesterol medication for over 40 years of age

The high incidence of heart disease and stroke is a complication of high cholesterol. This makes many experts in the medical world try to find ways to reduce the prevalence of these two deadly diseases.

One of the most recently-published and quite controversial ways is the latest guide from the US Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF). The guidelines suggest that one of the most well-known cholesterol drugs called statins is given to all people over the age of 40. This gift does not consider whether these people have a history of heart disease or not.

If people aged 40-75 years are found to have one or more risk factors for heart disease such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, or have a smoking habit even though they do not have symptoms or history of heart disease, then this age group is advised to consume statin.

This recommendation is not without reason. This is because people who have no symptoms and a history of heart disease still have at least a 10 percent risk of developing heart disease and stroke. Especially if these people already have one or several risk factors as mentioned above.

In line with the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart of Association (AHA), the new guide from the USPSTF also advises doctors and patients to focus on the 'bad' low-density lipoprotein (LDL) - a trigger for heart disease and stroke. However, the difference is, ACC and AHA have a more aggressive view by suggesting people who have a 7.5-10 percent risk to continue taking statin drugs.

Get to know statins further

Statins are the most popular type of cholesterol-lowering drug because its main function is that it can reduce levels of bad cholesterol in the body. This is why statins are considered to have superior effects compared to other cholesterol drugs because they have the greatest protective benefits against the occurrence of cardiovascular disease.

Not only that, there are also studies that state that statins can reduce the speed of aging in human DNA. Nevertheless, this still requires further research.

According to a study conducted in 2017 of 39 million people in the United States aged 40 years and over who took statins, it was reported that statins were quite safe and side effects were only experienced by a small percentage.

The side effects of statins include muscle pain, liver problems and digestion, and an increase in blood sugar levels. Traced, groups of people who are susceptible to statin side effects are women, those over 65 years old, and people who consume too much alcohol.

Come back again, listen to what the doctor says

Although there are already three guidelines that suggest the use of aggressive statins, the patient's treatment decision is left back to each doctor. There are doctors who agree with the treatment, but there are also those who think that this is too extreme and does not need to be followed 100 percent.

In addition to statin therapy, you should not forget there are other ways to keep cholesterol stable and avoid the threat of cardiovascular disease which is also known to be effective, namely by applying a healthy lifestyle. Consuming statins without paying attention to diet and not exercising regularly will certainly not make you feel the benefits of these drugs optimally, even the body can experience side effects from using statins.

Another way that is also good for preventing or lowering high cholesterol is by consuming a stanol ester plant, a natural substance that has been clinically tested to reduce cholesterol. Plant stanol ester is actually still 'one family' with cholesterol, so it has the same chemical composition.

However, if cholesterol comes from animal origin, then the stanol plant comes from the vegetable. Because it has a similar shape, this ester stanol plant can compete with cholesterol indigestion, so it can prevent the absorption of cholesterol into the body.

The National Cholesterol Education Program recommends PSE consumption as much as possible

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